Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Books on Globalization

Here are several recent titles addressing the challenges and opportunities of globalization in various fields:

Asian Cities: Globalization, Urbanization and Nation-Building by Malcolm Mckinnon. Asian Cities challenges Western paradigms of urban growth with a fresh and stimulating look at cities in developing Asia. It questions the status accorded globalisation in explaining contemporary Asian cities, arguing instead that they are being transformed by three major forces - urbanisation and nation-building as well as globalisation. The latter two are not dependent variables of globalisation, although all, in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, are shaped by capitalism. The book reaches beyond the usual focus on metropolitan centres to examine urban life in a sample of middle-sized cities representative of hundreds of such urban centres throughout the Asian continent. An introductory chapter outlines the arguments and introduces the sample cities. Chapters two and three explore two principal facets of urbanisation: the material transformation that comes in its train and the impact that it has on the lives of the newly-urbanised. Chapters four to seven explore the way that the national framework shapes cities - including business enterprises, migrantion, travel and commercial popular culture. In a final chapter the book surveys likely trends in Asian cities over the next quarter century and considers the implications of the study for our understanding of globalisation generally.

Globalization: Power, Authority, and Legitimacy In Late Modernity by Antonio L. Rappa. Second 2011 edition of this exploration of the nature and impact of profound changes which are taking place in today's world of late modernity. The pivotal impact in Asia of US patterns neo-liberalism is overviewed and analysed often with reference to Singapore. The chapters look at: money, terrorism, culture, norms and values, technology and population, and war. Bibliography and index.

Fluidity of Place: Globalization and the Transformation of Urban Space by Naoki Yoshihara. Fluidity of Place presents an interdisciplinary conversation with theories of space-time, place and globalization at the cutting edge of social theory. Focussing on the construction of urban space in the context of hyper-mobility, Yoshihara examines the social relations that form place in a globalized world. The first half of the book discusses globalization theory and looks at place in relation to the fluidity brought about by recent technological advances. The second half details the construction of understandings of Asian mega-cities, particularly Jakarta, and examines the realities behind narratives of overurbanization in light of globalization and the concomitant fluidity of place. Yoshihara makes a compelling argument about the competing claims to place in a world where the nation-state has lost control of its borders.

The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America and Africa edited by Machiko Nissanke and Erik Thorbecke. Globalisation and poverty are two of the most pressing contemporary international development issues. Despite the enormous potential of globalisation to accelerate economic growth and development, through greater integration into the world economy, the spread and transfer of technology, and the transmission of knowledge, its impact on poverty reduction has been uneven and even marginal in some regions. Both the prevalence and depth of poverty in many parts of the developing world remain unacceptably high. This volume presents thirteen studies selected from the three regional conferences organised under the auspices of UNU-WIDER. They illustrate the differential effects of globalisation on growth, inequality, and poverty in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Distinct processes of institutional and socio-political change, as well as significant differences in initial conditions, such as natural resource endowment, the quantity and quality of human capital, institutional framework, and the quality of governance, have had diverse effects on the poor in these regions. Focusing on distinct manifestations of globalisation and their affect on poverty, these case studies cover the spectrum from broad macroeconomic regional and country analyses to micro-oriented village studies in each of the three continents. This volume clearly illustrates that the impact of globalisation on poverty is extremely context specific, reflecting the heterogeneous and complex nature of the globalisation-poverty nexus.

Tort, Custom, and Karma: Globalization and Legal Consciousness in Thailand by David M. Engel and Jaruwan S. Engel. Changing perceptions of the interrelationship of injury, legal process and negotiation, and religious relevance by people in a changing area of Northern Thailand are explored in this socio-legal study. The book includes two detailed case studies, field observations in the mid-1970s and again in the 1990s, as well as court records of industrial accident claims. The authors indicate that there is a pattern in which the law is seen to be increasingly remote from what actually happens or is perceived by those injured or otherwise involved.

No comments:

Post a Comment